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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a therapy which focuses on how individuals act and feel.

It is worth noting that cognitive behavioral therapy has a host of other therapeutic approaches. Some of these approaches include:

  • Rational Behavioral Therapy
  • Cognitive Therapy
  • Dialectic Behavioral Therapy
  • Rational Living Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is based on the cognitive model of emotional responses. Thoughts cause behaviors and feelings and not external situations. In respect an individual can change the way he or she feels and acts regardless of the situation.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is brief however other forms of cognitive behavioral therapy e.g. psychoanalysis are more intense. CBT is highly instructive in nature and the therapy ends at a point whereby a decision is made by the individual and his or her therapist. A good therapeutic relationship is essential for an effective therapy, however this relationship is not the focus of the therapy. Many therapies assume that an individual gets well as a result of a positive relationship between the client and his or her therapist.

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Aspects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy


Cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on helping clients think differently. By thinking differently, the client is able to act rationally. CBT focuses on inculcating self-counseling skills.

Another important aspect is that it is a collaborative effort between the client and the therapist. During the therapy, a therapist seeks to learn the client’s life goals .The therapist is then in a position to enable the client to achieve this goal. In this scenario, the therapist’s role is to encourage, listen and teach while the client’s role is to learn, express concerns and implement learning.

CBT enables individual approach in undesirable situations. The individual is helped to utilize his or her knowledge, intelligence, resources and energy to resolve the problem. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy uses the Socratic method. This therapy is important in helping therapists understand their client’s needs.

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The Focus of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy


Therapy enables individuals to ask questions and talk about themselves. CBT is directive and structured, each CBT has a specific agenda. During each session, an individual gets to learn various concepts and techniques. Cognitive behavioral therapy is client focused. The client is not told what goals he or she should have and focus is on his or her own course. CBT is based on an educational model based on the premise that many emotional and behavioral reactions are leaned. Consequently CBT aims at helping individuals unlearn these goals. Lastly CBT is based on the inductive method which encourages rational thinking.


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